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10 Types of Camera Shots to Vary Your Video Composition

Camera Shots Post

Our clients often ask us for video tips…

​​Either to use themselves when they’re shooting or to pass on to their Mobile Crew that upload footage to their projects with the EditMate Uploader.

And what’s our #1 tip?

Get creative with a variety of different camera shots!


​​Because in order to have a visually interesting edited video, you need to have an assortment of composition types in your raw video clips.

With a video, “composition” refers to the arrangement of the elements within a moving image.

If you have an Instagram account, you probably have already experimented with photo and video compositions but without even really thinking about it.

So we thought it might be helpful to breakdown the basic camera shots and illustrate their compositions (with GIFs!)…

So, without further ado…



Extreme Wide Shot

Contextualizes where you are, physically. Often shows off the location (of the event, workplace, city) where the video takes place.



Very Wide Shot

Notice how the location is still prevalent here but the subject is also visible.



Wide Shot

Still shows the environment but with more emphasis on the subject, within the environment.



Mid Shot Example

Aiming for a waist-up shot, this composition shows more details of the subject; including their body language and gestures.



Medium Close Up

Provides much greater detail of the face but we still see some body language. Usually, the medium shot shows the subject from the shoulders up.



Close Up

In a close-up, the subjects face is highlighted. With this increased attention to detail, the audience can absorb the subjects emotional reaction.



Extreme Close Up

Getting extremely close to your subject is the perfect way to show a lot of detail or heighten the emotion of a scene.



Two Shot

Framed with a similar composition to a mid-shot, two shots simply include 2 subjects instead of 1.  Both subjects should take up a similar amount of space and the distance between them can help convey information about their relationship.


Over The Shoulder Shot

Frames the subject by shooting from behind the person they are talking to. These are typically used in dialogue scenes and show a subject’s perspective, within the conversation.



Point of View Shot

Shows a subject’s perspective as though the audience is looking right through their eyes.



Got it?

Now with your newfound knowledge, watch how in these videos the Mobile Film Crews for Almond Breeze and The International Travel College of New Zealand (both armed with iPhones) varied their compositions with a variety of different camera shots…

Here, Almond Breeze had their Brand Ambassadors take mobile videos at a festival in Auckland, New Zealand. Note how the wide shot is used as an establishing shot detailing the location and an over-the-shoulder shot brings you right into the booth, making smoothies with the team.



In this video for The International Travel College of New Zealand, an ITC employee visited a former student at his job in Thailand and uploaded video clips of it to ITC’s Uploader. Note how the point of view shots has you (the viewer) driving through the jungle and riding an elephant!




See? Pretty easy to do and keeps a video interesting to watch.

Now that you know the 10 types of Camera Shots… get out there and get shooting!



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